Self Care and Prevention

In addition to eating right, exercising, monitoring your blood glucose and following your doctor’s instructions, following these tips can help you prevent diabetes related problems.


  • Brush and floss at least twice a day
  • Visit the dentist and have teeth professionally cleaned at least twice a year


  • Check feet daily for sores, cuts and blisters
  • Wear comfortable shoes and break new shoes in slowly
  • Wear slippers around the house
  • Trim toenails and file down sharp edges


  • Keep skin clean and check for wounds daily
  • Moisturize everyday to keep skin from drying and cracking

Preventing Diabetes: Pre-Diabetes Management

The Diabetes Prevention Program, a major clinical trial conducted by the NIH, concluded that people at high risk of developing Type 2 Diabetes could reduce their risk of getting the disease with diet and exercise.

By losing 5-7% of body weight by eating a low fat diet and exercising 30 minutes a day, study participants lowered their risk of developing Type 2 Diabetes by 58%.

People who took 850 mg of the drug, metformin (Glucophage®), twice a day reduced their risk of developing Type 2 Diabetes by 31%.

Exercise and eat right to keep your weight, blood pressure and cholesterol down. Losing weight will help your body make and properly use insulin, fighting insulin resistance that characterizes pre-diabetes.

Low Blood Sugar: Hypoglycemia

Hypoglycemia is defined as having blood sugar of 70 mg/dL or lower.
The following are symptoms to look for:

  • Nervousness
  • Confusion
  • Impaired thinking/judgment
  • Headache
  • Irritability
  • Weakness
  • Trembling
  • Sweating
  • Rapid Heart Beat
  • Cold, Clammy Hands
  • Fainting
  • If you are experiencing the symptoms of hypoglycemia, the NIDDK recommends one of the following:

    * drinking half a cup of fruit juice,
    * a third if a cup of a soft drink,
    * eating 2-3 glucose tablets
    * or three pieces of hard candy.